On 21 March 2013 representatives of the 31 states that make up the Mechanism for Follow-Up on the Implementation of the Inter-American Convention against Corruption (MESICIC) approved by consensus the text of this instrument that emerged from a broad participatory process headed by the Organisation of American States (OAS) Department of Legal Cooperation, as part of its commitment to make available to States efficient and effective tools to support them in the task of properly implementing the Inter-American Convention against Corruption on its legal and institutional regimes.
The Model Law To Facilitate and Encourage the Reporting of Acts of Corruption and to Protect Whistleblowers and Witnesses provides a set of provisions for states to have systems of protection for public officials and private citizens that report acts of corruption, including the protection of their identities, as provided by the OAS Convention against corruption.
The Organisation of American States (OAS) is an inter-governmental body which brings together all 35 independent states of the Americas and constitutes the main political, juridical, and social governmental forum in the Hemisphere. In addition, it has granted permanent observer status to 67 states, as well as to the European Union (EU). While the history of inter-governmental cooperation in the region dates back to the 1800s, the OAS was formally established in 1948 member states to keep —”an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence.” It does so by focusing on democracy, human rights, security, and development.