Resources

You will find here a range of resources (laws, articles, studies, and other publications and links) on whistleblowing law and practice. We have curated these resources to help you navigate the myriad of ways in which whistleblowing acts as a democratic accountability mechanism and as a check on secrecy and abuse of power in many different contexts.  

If you know of a resource that you think should be added to our Resources library, then please contact us.
  • Case of Guja v Moldova

    Guja v Moldova, Admissibility, merits and just satisfaction, App no 14277/04, IHRL 3209 (ECHR 2008), 12th February 2008, European Court of Human Rights [ECHR]; Grand Chamber [ECHR].

    An important case heard in the European Court of Human Rights which confirms that disclosing information of public interest during workplace whistleblowing can be an assertion of the Right to Freedom of Expression. In this case, the claimant  being dismissed for disclosing evidence to the media argued that his dimissal was a breach of his right to disclose information to a third party under Article 10.

  • Case of Tillack v Belguim

    Tillack v Belgium ECHR application no. 20477/05, 27 Feb 2008. 

    This European Court of Human Rights judgement highlights the right not to reveal sources as a protected and enforceable human right to information. The case strengthens journalistic source privilege and, therefore, whistleblowing protections. The claimant journalist reporting financial fraud was arrested, and had materials seized during property raids. This was held as a breach of his Article 10 ECHR rights as such action was not necessary in a democratic society, regardless of the conduct of sources (uncorroborated rumours of bribery). 

    The claimant was supported by the European Federation of Journalists.

  • Embracing Digitalisation: How to use ICT to strengthen Anti-Corruption

    Embracing Digitalisation: How to use ICT to strengthen Anti-Corruption
    A joint publication commisioned by the Anti-Corruption and Integrity Programme on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.

    Section 4.3 of this publication on leveraging technological developments for anti-corruption provides an overview of Whistleblowing Platforms including an analysis of challenges of anonymous reporting and a case study of the Kenyan experience of using a BKMS software based system.

  • European Union Directive on Whistleblower Protection

    DIRECTIVE (EU) 2019 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law

     

  • Irish National Whistleblowing Protection Law

    The Protected Disclosure Act 2014 No.14 of 2014 

    The strongest national whistleblowing legislation in Europe which passed in the Republic Ireland in 2014. The PDA surpassed the previous leading law - the Public Interest Disclosure Act in the UK with significant protections both expanding the scope of wrongdoings to including misuse of public funds and introducing third party protections - Section 13 provides for an action in ‘tort’ (civil law) for others who suffer detrimental treatment such as family members. There is no requirement for the whistleblower to be acting in good faith, but the law was later amended to include a public interest test when disclosing trade secrets.
     
     

  • Open Government Guide (OGG)

    The Transparency & Accountablity Initiative's Open Government Guide

    This 442 page interactive guide sets out practical and actionable recommendations to advance transparency, accountability and participation in government. Each topic is authored by a leading expert organisation in that field, including a chapter on whistleblowing protections from WIN. Its ‘illustrative commitments’ are phased from initial steps (review whistleblowing laws) to more advanced innovation (establish a public fund to support whistleblowers), accompanied by comprehensive outline of the relevant standards, guidance, and tools available.

  • Protection of Whistleblowers and Sources

    The UN special rapporteur on the protection of whistleblowers and sources and the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression 

    This report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression, David Kaye addresses the protection of sources of information and whistle-blowers. It review national and international law, practice and norms, highlighting the central importance of whistleblowers disclosing information to the public to give right to that information and public participation in political affairs. It makes several highly persuasive recommendations including the adoption and revision of national legal framework protecting whistleblowers and the establishment of personal liability for those who retaliate against sources and whistleblowers. Essential readings for any advocate looking to leverage human rights to advance whistleblowing protections.

  • The Tshwane Principles

    The Global Principles on National Security and the Right to Information (Tshwane Principles)

    These 50 principles provide highly persuasive standards relevant to balancing the public’s right to information with state needs around keeping some information secret for legitimate national security purposes. The principles include guidance on the punishment of whistleblowers who disclosure classified information of high public interest. Drafted by 17 organisations, 5 academic centres in consultation of 50 experts from more than 70 countries they are shining example of the effectiveness of cross border civil society cooperation.

     

  • UNODC Resource Guide on Good Practices in the Protection of Reporting Persons

    This comprehensive guide outlines the critical importance of whistleblowing protections in tackling corruption globally. It sets out the keys elements of ‘good practices’ from revising national legal frameworks to institutional arrangements to the provision of individual help and advice and cross country cooperation.

    Available in French, Spanish, English and Arabic.
     

  • UNESCO Briefing - Journalism Sources in the Digital Age

    Part of UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom, this research report spans international regulatory norms and regional instruments of Human Rights Laws and Normative Framework. It highlights the synergies between whistleblowing and journalist protections and charts the trend of derogation of such rights in digital era – from mass-surveillance to anti-terrorism. Setting out an 11-point assessment tool for measuring effectiveness of legal source protections and a model universal framework in which is useful to advocate protections at a national level, Principle 11 recognises that complementary whistleblowing legislation strengthens source protection laws.
     

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