The Global Principles on National Security and the Right to Information (Tshwane Principles)
These 50 principles provide highly persuasive standards relevant to balancing the public’s right to information with a state's needs around keeping some information secret for legitimate national security purposes. The principles include guidance on the punishment of whistleblowers who disclosure classified information of high public interest.
Drafted by 17 organisations, 5 academic centres in consultation of 50 experts from more than 70 countries, they are a shining example of the effectiveness of cross-border civil society cooperation.
It is available in Arabic, Japanese, Spanish, German, French, and Portuguese.