How well do EU countries protect whistleblowers?

Region: Europe & Central Asia
Category: Law and Legislation
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How well do EU countries protect whistleblowers? - 08/11/2023 - Marie Terracol​, Transparency International

How well do EU countries protect whistleblowers?


Assessing the transposition of the EU Whistleblower Protection Directive

There is a lack of general protection for whistleblowers who report corruption, and no obligation to examine their reports in several EU countries, Transparency International found in a recent report. This is a reminder that a robust legal framework is crucial to protect whistleblowers from retaliation.
Transparency International's latest report scrutinises the whistleblower protection laws adopted in 20 EU member states. Twenty-five out of 27 EU countries have adopted such laws to meet the EU requirements set by the 2019 Whistleblower Protection Directive.

The assessment evaluates their compliance with the EU minimum standards and best practices in key areas, to understand how well they protect whistleblowers.

The findings are concerning: 19 of the 20 reviewed countries do not comply with EU requirements in at least one of four key areas. These include the rights of whistleblowers to report information directly to the authorities, access remedies and full compensation for damage suffered, obtain free and easily accessible advice, and ensure penalties for those violating whistleblower protection.